Jive used a Hedged Share Class to successfully raise capital from US LPs
FX risks experienced
From a fund’s perspective, there are two types of FX exposure and risk:
Deployment phase/Capital Calls: An appreciating BRL reduces the amount of local currency that USD commitments from international investors will be able to purchase or acquire.
Harvest phase (payout distribution): A depreciating BRL reduces the amount of USD that foreign
investors will receive when realizing proceeds, receiving less capital back.
Jive Investments "the client" is an integrated alternative assets platform that focuses on the origination,
acquisition and recovery of non-performing loans (NPLs), distressed real estate properties, legal claims
and other distressed assets in Brazil.
Jive were confident that they would be growing the share class substantially for their new Fund III and were interested in looking at alternative hedging products to help market to the growing US investor community.
Jive had garnered sufficient interest from USD based LPs that warranted them opening a USD share class. Thus, Jive has offered both a hedged and unhedged share class in order to offer offshore investors the means to reduce the potential impact of the Brazilian Real fluctuations on their investment returns. The Jive ́s fund is a BRL denominated fund with investors committed in USD (U.S. dollars).
The Solution: HEDGED SHARE CLASS
Jive's USD hedged share classes aim to provide international investors with a return correlated to the Brazilian Real performance of the fund, by reducing the effect of exchange rate fluctuations between the BRL and hedged USD share class.
Jive attempts to minimize the variance in returns to hedged investors using a variety of derivatives instruments, including options, forwards, NDFs and Swaps.
For that, Jive is supported through statistical analysis and complex computational techniques (i.e. Monte Carlo simulation), powered by Deaglo in order to facilitate an informed decision from Jive.
Jive 's hedging methodology implemented consists of hedging fractions of each capital call and harvest forecast before the effective distribution of the capital – Layer Hedging Methodology.
The Hedged Share Class has been capable of shielding investors’ returns against the currency fluctuations that can result in substantial losses.
Thus, it allows GPs to reduce considerable uncertainty regarding the performance of a fund.
Deaglo ́s mathematical risk-management tools have been helping Jive to better analyze and manage their currency risk on cross-border deals.
Jive has been using complex computational techniques in order to decide between multiple hedging strategies (e.g. NDFs, single option, collars, par forwards, condors etc.).
Hedging Impact on IRR
The Client is fully supported by simulations in order to evaluate the hedging impact (interest rate differential) on the targeted internal rate of return (IRR).
Through Monte Carlo simulation is possible to model changes in the interest rates between Brazil and the
US, and assess the risk evaluation appraisal of the interest rate differentials.
Margin Call Simulation
Jive is also supported by Margin Call analysis in order to avoid margin drag. Thus, the GP is able to optimize the level of funds held back to meet potential margin calls due to negative Mark-to-Market in their trade positions.
Using Monte Carlo techniques allows the GP to determine the optimal level of margin.
Fig. Monte Carlo Simulation (left). Violin charts showing distributions of outcomes (right)
Fig. Distribution of the outcomes and hedging impact on the IRR
Fig: Simulation of margin calls helps the fund set aside the optimum amount.
Deaglo's tools helped us to explain to our investors the FX risk associated with investing in Brazil and highlight the steps we were taking to mitigate it.
This meant we were able to make our investors feel comfortable and ultimately successfully raise with highly sophisticated investors.